Car 88 Online

To give thanks

More than 3 years ago, a pregnant woman who came to visit me several hundred kilometers back to Hanoi found me asking for an ultrasound of pregnancy with anxiety. I want ultrasound to answer the exact date of the baby. It was impossible for her or to any doctor. Based on the menstrual cycle or calculations by ultrasound, the expected time of childbirth is still fluctuated between and before 2 weeks.

That was the first child, the couple had to make great efforts and wait for a long time, the path of motherhood of the wife was not easy. But that is not the reason why pregnant women are most worried.

The entire mountainous district where she lived only had one obstetrician specialist, at a small town hospital there was not much to do. The district around the same. About 6-8 hours away, there will be a large hospital specializing in obstetrics and gynecology of the province, where there are more doctors and better conditions; but she could not afford to go to province to wait for a birth.

She made the "first" trip to Hanoi in the hope of knowing the exact date of birth and then returning to the district to give birth. If, on that day, the obstetrician is on a business trip or is ill and cannot go to the hospital, the pregnant woman's husband will have to take his wife "to give birth" in the surrounding districts, in case of a bad situation such as a birth difficult or surgery.

I know many women in the districts who used to give birth. Many of them make the first "travel" in their life out of the district is a trip to give birth. They have to go a long way to several hours. Just imagine, motorbikes carrying pregnant women across the forest, no pain control, or the husband not knowing what to do if the baby is about to be born, that's enough for those who have Expertise like I have to obsess.

That obsession is called the "shortage of doctors in the countryside" which I believe every health worker understands. It is most clearly revealed by the obstetric accident that occurred in the Duc Tho General Hospital (Ha Tinh), when a fetus died with a cut in the neck, the maxillofacial specialist was the righteous person at obstetrics that day.

If you just look at the phenomenon, it is clear that the Duc Tho General Hospital has arranged a dentist to do the job of an obstetrician, it will be unacceptable wrong. But a closer look will see that district hospitals have to do the same.

If the hospital has only one obstetrician, it is impossible to make that doctor work 24 hours a day. The hospital has 2 doctors, too, can not be exchanged to work 24/24 hours, which the medical industry still calls "live duty". Other specialties are similar. As a result, district hospitals have to apply the general surgical solution. This means that specialties for surgery, obstetrics, facial teeth, otorhinolaryngology, eyes will be arranged directly outside office hours. For example, maxillofacial surgeons are still involved in the genitals, resolving births in their ability, if they encounter difficult cases, they should invite the right specialist.

It is a fact that district hospitals cannot recruit doctors. I have traveled to many rural areas, which are large areas, especially mountainous ethnic minority people living in a different world than in urban areas. The sparse population makes it extremely difficult to implement health policy, while health care requires equality, one cannot be abandoned just because they do not live in Hanoi or Saigon, even A mountain with only a few households still needs health care, even rural people need more health care.

Lack of doctors in rural areas does not have to happen today. From more than 6 decades ago, there were only 404 doctors in the whole North, although they had been trained in French programs for 7 years, their qualifications were not inferior and even surpassed those of French doctors. But the need for a number of doctors in 1960, the North needs a minimum of 3,000 doctors. Therefore, the medical training program has been shortened to 4 years with full-time physicians, training a series of specialized and in-service physicians to supplement the rural and mountainous areas.

Since then, the district hospitals have had doctors, but most of them are specialists and in-service physicians, they are nurses and physicians from the unit sent to vocational schools and then return to work. District hospitals are difficult to recruit regular system doctors. The reason was given, that is money, that is, the remuneration regime; But I think money is only a problem, and the more important problem is the living and working environment.

It is very difficult for a person from a poor village to study best and pass the Hanoi Medical University, after graduating back to the poor village to practice as a doctor. Going to many district hospitals, my eyes saw the doctor cum more jobs such as cleaning, tilling the grass, hoeing medicinal plants or many other unskilled laborers, to this day. I was told that there was a hospital before, when the patient was in surgery, the surgeon was the guard, because it was a part-time doctor. All that, cannot be a good environment, to appeal to the doctor.

A good environment must be a professional environment of the digital age and broadband Internet allows doctors to connect with the civilized community and world, ensure the material life of doctors and respect people. Doctors instead treat them with punches.

I think that the problem of "shortage of doctors in rural areas" is at the peak of a large iceberg, which is a national urgent problem. Comprehensive integrated solutions are required. Clearly, the health sector over the past six decades has tried hard, but to cure the "rural shortage of doctors" the health still needs to make a real breakthrough.

Tran Van Phuc

Business ethics

Creating profits is the most important goal of most businesses, but that does not necessarily help them endure. Japan has more than 21,000 companies over 100 years old, the most in the world. Of which 8 companies have existed for more than 1,000 years.

What helps them to challenge time? Professor Makoto Kanda at Meiji Gakuin University points out two things in common: always respecting credibility and not putting profits first.

I have been fortunate to participate in the CSR project in Vietnam under the EU-funded ISO 26000 project nearly 10 years ago. ISO 26000 is considered a "bible" for businesses that want to develop sustainably and are being practiced by thousands of businesses around the globe. And "business ethics" is one of the seven principles to practice social responsibility according to that set of standards.

During more than four years of joining the project, meeting businesses, I had surveys, analysis and testimonials about this concept. First, corporate ethics always comes from the moral commitment of the highest leader. Second, the voice of customers always creates pressure to change for the better of businesses, sometimes stronger than the law. Third, the more the company tends to apply ethical standards, the more successful it will be, the more stable it will grow, and the more customers will turn to it.

In particular, in Vietnam, business ethics have a distinctive nature. Many companies do business with a clear mind but do not want to be known because "just want to do business". "It's kind of hard to do a decent business, how many things to worry about while trying to keep yourself clean," one businessman told me, "I was so scared of fame that I had to pick up a lot of groups'. You know, they often ask about it, it's easy to make your business no longer kind, even if you want to. "

Many Western scholars argue that business ethics has only been studied and discussed since the 1960s. At the end of the 1970s, several universities in the United States began training in business ethics.

But according to my reflection and observation, business ethics have been promoted in Eastern society since more than 2,500 years ago. The first sermon after becoming the fully enlightened Buddha of Shakyamuni was the Noble Eightfold Path. These are the eight true paths that people need to practice if they want to escape suffering in this world. A great disciple of the Buddha - a merchant Suddatta - can be considered a person who has practiced business ethics since that time. The purpose of his business was to facilitate good deeds, to help the poor and lonely, so he was also known as the Lonely Level.

As I contemplated the Eightfold Path, I realized that at least five paths can be applied to business ethics: true awareness, true thinking, true language, true actions, and true livelihood. . Speaking in business language, an ethical business is one that has a consistent vision, mission, strategy, core values ​​and activities based on at least five of the eight true Buddha paths. have shown.

An example not uncommon in Vietnam: "backyard" businesses, crony capitalist businesses, serving certain interest groups (but not the people). They are unrighteous businesses right from the minds and minds of their founders. Because they are not built on an ethical foundation, those companies are difficult, or impossible, to become ethical businesses.

One of the most modern businessmen to practice business ethics and be very successful in the marketplace is Yvon Chouinard, founder of Patagonia Group (USA). Yvon is well known for its business philosophy of "discouraging consumption" to limit the negative impact on the environment and society.

The message he repeated to the public before spending money on his company's products: repair, reuse, recycle what is there until it is no longer available. As a person who specializes in Japanese meditation practice, Yvon said that once the production and business activities have reached the perfect level, the profits will come by themselves without expecting.

Despite "discouraging" customers from buying their products, but he still has more customers, better development. He also co-founded the "1% for the Planet" non-profit organization in 2002, which currently brings together more than 1,800 members in more than 45 countries and is committed to contributing 1% of revenue to environmental protection. .

I hope one day, Vietnamese business name will be in "1% for the Planet" and not just a "billion dollar business" list. I also hope that there will soon be a "1% for Vietnam" organization set up by Vietnamese businesses to fund environmental projects in Vietnam, with the contribution of clean money from kind business. .

Once, I exchanged the story of "discouraging customers" of Yvon Chouinard with a Vietnamese business owner with seniority in Patagonia, he said: "Yvon called for kindness to society after all. create blessings for myself to enjoy long-term. My business must also make continuous efforts to process goods for him ".

No one can choose where he was born, but he can choose for himself a way of life. Just like this saying, entrepreneurs can choose the core values ​​for their businesses. Practicing kind business as well as bringing good seeds buried in moist soil, sooner or later, there will be days to enjoy sweet and fruit.

Nguyen Dang Anh Thi

Refugee weather

Tags Cam Ha
"Crazy crazy", "I have been in Hanoi for more than 60 years but this summer is the worst", these are the sentences I heard a lot during my business trip to Hanoi last week. Many partners opened the meeting with a question of why we chose this hot time to come to Hanoi.

Oliver, my English colleague with me, had no special reaction other than not wearing a tie to attend a meeting. When he was having a chat, he confessed, "I see you guys are still very lucky. My family and I are about to become refugees. The weather refugees. We are leaving New Delhi because there will be no more there next year." enough water to use ".

He currently works in Singapore but his sister-in-law and children have remained in New Delhi since their marriage. Five years living in Dehli with his wife and children following Oliver is more than enough. Nearly half of India has just experienced a heat wave and drought in early June, temperatures in New Delhi reached a record high of 48 degrees C.

Nearly 1.4 billion Indians are facing a serious water crisis. About 80% of fresh water is used for agriculture but the industry has not been modernized in time so productivity is poor. More than 100 million people in major cities are forecast to have no water to use for about 10 years.

"People are dumping them all in rivers and lakes. The fresh water source is running out. New Delhi's air is so polluting it can be life threatening. I have to take my kids away before they have no water to drink. Luckily I am." also have conditions to move the family to another place to live ", you confided.

Climate change and environment are no longer a gift story. It was at a standstill on the negotiating table, negotiating economic and trade between nations and corporations. I just attended an event about the EU - Vietnam Free Trade Agreement. European countries specifically mentioned illegal logging and fishing - two major issues for Vietnam in maintaining biodiversity, in addition to climate change issues. and corporate social responsibility to the environment.

I felt like my story on Oliver's run away from India. Eight years ago, my family left Hanoi because we believed the weather in Ho Chi Minh City would be better for the health of our members.

It is true. Trickles like runny nose, sore throat, cough, aches and pains almost disappeared. We were in district 7, where the temperature always seemed to be about one degree lower than the county. During the past few years, it was very rare for indoor air conditioners to turn on. But in April and May of last year, the record heat wave in the South made me think: If the weather becomes more severe, where can my family move? I have some friends who left Ho Chi Minh City and moved to live permanently in Vung Tau, Da Lat and are very satisfied. Will we be able to follow them or will we, like a colleague, find a way to emigrate to another country with better weather and environment?

The world is thirstier, more crowded, hotter. Instead of complaining, I try to minimize my so-called "waste traces". I follow a minimalist lifestyle, buying only what I really need, not what I want, with as few things as possible in the house and as little waste as possible, especially plastic. I followed the recipe: buy one more item and give away two. My neighborhood is fortunate to have a separate bin for household and recycling waste. Our family, including maids, has for many years formed a habit of sorting waste.

Used clothes and second hand goods, I either give them or take them straight to the second hand stores. Yesterday, my 10-year-old son asked me to order food through the delivery application, he told me, "Mom told the delivery person not to put food in plastic containers or nylon bags." When I explained this was very unlikely, he was happy not to ask for more food.

Last month, I was a media lecturer for about 70 young people in an FDI enterprise. The lecture addresses Vietnam's demographic model. Almost everyone knows that Vietnam's population is about to reach 100 million and is the 15th most populous country in the world. I asked the question: "What do you think when you are a citizen of a country that contributes nearly 1.3% of the population to the world?".

Some say it is a potential market, others say this is a large supply of labor. I suggest: "Imagine if every Vietnamese person made small adjustments to their behavior, for example no one used plastic straws anymore, or each person planted a tree, how would the impact on Earth compare to other a nation of just a few million more people? " Many practitioners say this is the first time they are aware of their power over this Earth.

The world will soon reach the 8 billion mark. Global warming will not favor anyone, any country regardless of economic level. The influx of refugees for the weather will add to the influx of refugees for war, for livelihoods. No more heat, drought or flooding will be considered a new record as new records are born every year.

Vietnam is also facing forest fires, drought, storms, floods and landslides. Conserving and respecting the Earth is no longer the task of environmentalists but also of each of us.

Cam Ha

Beat the wife

I happened to see a video of a Korean man hitting a woman two days ago. I had to turn it off halfway because I couldn't stand the movie.

When I was a boy on a Canadian farm, I used to sit in the back of my family car. The younger brother could only flip, the father drove, and the mother sat next to him. Children always curious, I asked my mother: "Mom, if my family meets bad people, what will my mother do?" - "Dad will protect us". "But if a lot of people were bad, what would I do, Mom?" - "Dad will fight with them, and I will hide". I looked at him in admiration. It is the image of the great man who will sacrifice to protect his family.

My parents taught me to respect women from an early age, that has eaten my blood. Especially mother always told me, "Never hit women". "But what if he hit me?", I resisted. Mother calmly: "Run away and tell the teacher". When I was older, my mother told me to open the door for women, always to protect them, whether familiar or strange, to see them in danger, regardless of their influence, I had to help.

Sadly, I cannot educate and convince everyone about not hitting women. Once living in Thai Binh, in a downtown apartment building, I heard the next room with a girl screaming as if she was being killed. Me and Thuong ran into the room to see how. A man is threatening the girl, their daughter is standing there crying and crying. The man who saw us coming seemed to calm down, but a third person (probably a neighbor) came and patted me on the shoulder and said, "It's okay, it's his wife."

I annoyed. And Mr. Thuong said: "Do not hit women." Then we helplessly left the room with disappointment.

Another time in Hanoi. In the Western New Year, neighbors invited me to have a few drinks. I arrived and met a group of quite young men and women there. Both the guest and the host are ivory. They behaved quite strangely, teasing about my Vietnamese language, but because it was Tet, I wasn't too uncomfortable. Suddenly neighbors began to argue with a girl in the group, very loud, and then he slapped her in the face. I was shocked, what are they doing? If Mom knew I ignored her when she saw the other girl beaten, she would kill me right away. I can and help the girl go home. The two men turned to me and said, "This is none of your business." Then a fat man hugged me back. They don't exercise, so fat is an advantage. I pushed him to the ground. While those two men tried to hit me, I dragged the girl into my house, closing the door so I could protect her.

The four drunken men standing outside screaming, the problem I didn't understand was that the girl in the house was always complaining about them. Fortunately, another neighbor called the security to solve the case. I know my mother will praise my actions very well for men.

I used to read books about King Arthur as a child, I admired "Knight’s code" - the underhanded law of the knight. My favorite is the knight Lancelot. He was a great warrior, always storming into fights, but when he returned home, he was a life of love, kindness and generosity.

The concept of "chivalry" - the code of chivalry - came from my homeland in Europe, spread to many places, is a list of rules of virtue such as: Protection of the weak, defenseless; helping widows and orphans; do not let acts violate the law; live for honor and glory; fight for the well-being of everyone; despise the reward is money. The French brought "chivalry" to many countries around the world, including Britain, later Canada and their colonies. Even the Japanese have their own code of conduct in their own Bushido martial arts.

When I read the newspaper about the Korean man who beat his wife, the Vietnamese bride, I realized why my mother kept mentioning the virtue from childhood and how important it was even though I was very annoyed when I was young. I believe men need to learn about virtue, learn from family, school, society, religion ... Living without virtue, the world will be like a bunch of wild animals. Humans have built a civilization on this earth, separated from the animals is also thanks to the ability to work together in groups and relationships, especially the indispensable relationship with women. Not everyone has a good education, but if something goes wrong and you help, you deserve to be a real man.

When I was at the stand-up comedy show, I used to make jokes: "I don't dare touch a single strand of my wife's hair, because she knows Jiu-jitsu, you can twist my neck!"

I think we should call on all Vietnamese women to learn martial arts. So the problem of violence was solved, and alcoholism was also reduced because no man dared to leave the house without permission. Speaking of which, actually, Vietnamese women who go to martial arts while practicing health can change a lot of things, a job but convenient for some things. And that's the only way in the context of society still behaving like "It's okay, it's his wife".

Violence still exists in Vietnamese society in particular and Asia in general because of the attitude of "we should not rely on other people". How can the problem be solved if we just stand by and watch evil act.

Jesse Peterson
(Originally in Vietnamese)

Talk to play

Last weekend, I suddenly wondered what is happening now 10 years ago in society? I used the Wayback Machine storage tool and accessed VnExpress in July 2009.

At that time, VnExpress's current section was still called "Social". I clicked on the Social section, skimmed the news about college admissions in 2009. Perhaps readers remember that the beginning of July each year was a fixed time for this great competition. And there, and in the educational news, I read quite a strange news.

It is the account of a meeting of the HCMC People's Council. The atmosphere looks tense. Delegates expressed dissatisfaction with the answer of the Director of the Department of Transport due to traffic congestion and flooding problem.

And one delegate said: "If the Department cannot do it, then let me". The solution against flooding, "simply encourages each household to have its own reservoir," the representative said.

It was July 2009. It took nearly a week after this statement, Yahoo 360 was killed, Facebook took off to become the dominant social networking platform in Vietnam. If this statement appears today, it may create another level of attention.

If it were spoken today, thanks to an accident on social networks, this idea could be more closely dissected. A lot of questions arise: "Encouraging" how is the highest land price in Vietnam? Why doesn't the city dig large public lakes that each household should have? Where do urban areas with multiple apartments dug?

It is possible that after arguing at the social level, we will discover that every household living on the surface of Saigon, instead of building a land or noodle shop, dig a small lake. , the city will become much more livable. No longer flooded. The price of the remaining real estate will increase even more when the land is fully built. We will have a city of millions, the world's tourists will come crowded, flycam flying in the sky to capture the countless small sparkling holes on the surface of the city. Maybe that delegate is right. This should be read by the readers, I don't want to be biased.

Anyway all is just a fiction. I came back to reality: Ho Chi Minh City was still flooded, getting worse and worse. In the past 10 years, there must have been a lot of ideas come up. Some of them are heard, some are discussed, and a few are implemented. In Marvel's language, that "million city" has existed in another universe, separated from the one we live in July 2009.

Ignoring the rationality of the idea of ​​digging, the journey back in time on the Internet raises a new question in me: in a decade, how many ideas, how many statements of the government in general, elected representatives or cadres in particular, not going to practice? How many statements about major issues have become ... talking?

The answer is simple: it is impossible to know. A thousand, ten thousand, or a hundred thousand sayings in important meetings, on important topics, later do not become a premise for anything.

Examining an idea to the end is never pointless. If it is feasible, deployment is a good idea. Ignoring is very regretful, we never know how happy people in the universe are. But if it is absurd and ungainly, the public will have the opportunity to be criticized, so that the meetings after the leaders and congressmen are more realistic.

But people cannot sit through the minutes of their meetings - even if they are posted publicly. Journalists also only selected a few details. Basically, the world of meetings and its sublime ideas, with the real world - where people live - doesn't often intersect. Many sayings in meetings, such as the story of people digging in the lake, later do nothing.

Last month I was in Hong Kong, in a very old apartment building in Dong La Bay. On the bulletin board of the apartment, there are several interesting posters. It was carefully designed, color printed on glossy paper, bilingual, coherent graphics: a picture of a smiling female congresswoman, and an overhead image of a residential area. I used the Google Translate photography tool to read the Chinese section, and understood that this congressman was inviting people to come to a meeting about an area's infrastructure problem.

In the age of the Internet, the meeting invitation, designed like a supermarket flyer, stuck on an old apartment's wall, still stopped and moved me. The representative's face on the wall clearly contained a spirit. They reach out to the public, ask for support, and demand support in return for their work. It is a very proactive attitude.

Generally speaking, there is no shortage of ways for an elected leader or delegate to raise a problem, push conflict, debate to the end, and promote their ideas. When someone thinks their ideas are important, urgent, need to be met or discussed right away, they will find a way to create that. They can gather together, digitally or with a leaflet explaining the importance of the problem, for example digging a lake. They can organize a press conference themselves. They can put a speaker on the street - or without needing a speaker like Hong Kong politicians, because this system in Vietnam is already on the electric pole - to persuade people to join in supporting them. There is a way, there is a way.

Political activities of this type are very familiar, but on foreign films. Most important ideas in Vietnam are still just spoken out in meetings. Some said it very loudly, very upset, then thought that it was a pressing expression for the people.

Ideas that affect the lives of whole cities or nations, no one is so naive enough to think that speaking out loud at meetings is complete. They need strong social mobilization and advocacy - if the owner of the idea believes it is legitimate.

And when people say things with the name of "solution", the stature seems to be important, the nature seems urgent, but the mobilization effort is not commensurate, those sentences are completely considered playable.

Lord Emperor

High-speed rail

I wrote this article while in California, USA, where the high-speed rail project started in 1996 was in trouble. The Federal Government has just cut a nearly $ 1 billion financing package, many of which are due to be stopped without construction.

The United States is the same, the business sector and the community institutions are always active, while the public sector has shown aging with its inherent problems.

The US has a highly developed transportation infrastructure. However, high-speed rail cannot compete with other methods because of the distance, there are airplanes, near cars with very convenient road system. Railways are mainly for freight and very efficient. But here, the need to build high-speed rail is not much attention because everything is okay.

Currently, only one train line is considered as a highway on the east coast, connecting Boston and Washington capital, but it is not operating effectively, so investors are not interested in this type. There is no high-speed rail that doesn't affect the US economy and the travel of people.

The high-speed railway was the most important impression when I first came to Japan in April. Shinkansen train system is operated correctly to the minute. Japan has a developed transportation system with all types. Europe has a better road, airway and high-speed rail network than the United States, but not as much as Japan.

The feeling of sitting on the Shinkansen in Japan is no different from taking a high-speed train a year ago from Yunshan, across the border from Hà Giang to Kunming, China. China has the most modern and longest high-speed rail system in the world while its road and air systems are also very developed. On the long journey from Yunshan to Beijing, using all three types of vehicles, I felt one thing very clearly: China made up its resolve to do anything. Over two decades, they have built more than 100 thousand km of high-speed roads and nearly 30 thousand km of modern high-speed rail.

In addition, Korea and Taiwan also have very developed transportation infrastructure and the way they develop it is well worth the reference. The transport infrastructure of the above places is reasonable and used effectively. High-speed rail usually starts only after the road system is complete with conventional railway system of 1,435 cm.

As a Vietnamese, who doesn't wish the S-shaped strip of land has a modern transportation infrastructure and a developed Vietnam. Nobody taxed dreams, so wishing they couldn't. However, from the perspective of policy or the role of the state - to ensure resources are allocated and used effectively - is different. A responsible state and vision cannot be expected and spread resources but need to determine priorities, when to do what. And, must be made.

The breakthrough in infrastructure together with institutional and human resources reform was identified at the 11th Party Congress. For nearly a dozen years, this can be said to be a breakthrough with the best results, however, the results are still very modest and still very low compared to expectations.

The North - South Expressway is facing challenges at the bidding stage while the connection with localities is very vacant. Going to the localities, we will immediately see the strategic bottleneck of this transport infrastructure. Therefore, the most urgent need of Vietnam today in my opinion is a high-speed road system connecting to localities. Otherwise, the localities in particular, Vietnam in general will be very difficult to go up.

For example, if Ha Giang does not have a high-speed road linking to Hanoi, it will only be a place "with heaven and earth", difficult to develop; Tay Ninh, the locality right next to Ho Chi Minh City, encountered the same problem. And in the Mekong Delta, the problem is even more urgent.

High-speed rail may be what many people want, but it is a dream for 2045. For now, what we need right away is high-speed roads. If the determination is high, take action quickly, it may be possible to have a basic completion in the next 10-15 years.

And if Vietnam continues to start on paper after project after project, everything will last forever because of scattered resources and the downtime of existing projects is longer.

Public confidence is being eroded. If the government promises to not do it, or to raise projects that implementing "cow turtles" will only make the situation worse, especially when the capacity of the Ministry of Transport and Transport is being doubted with many noteworthy issues. .

Therefore, I think that now is not the time to restart the North-South high-speed rail project when the National Assembly rejected this project in 2010. Instead, from now to 2030, Vietnam should focus on resources for highways, regular rail and air routes.

For high-speed rail, it is possible to wait until after 2030. With the convenience of increasingly improved aircraft and passenger cars, high-speed trains are difficult to compete. If the state still wants to build a high-speed train, it is advisable to start a few short routes instead of launching a huge and shocking project with many concerns, especially unresolved concerns. regarding capital sources, national budgets as well as contractors.

What will happen if China bid significantly lower than Japan or other contractors? Then will China be chosen or not? Is the dilemma with roads and some current projects not enough?

Vietnam should learn from the successful lessons of its predecessors, especially Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and more recently China. Lower your determination and do it then switch to another, do not rush to "dig" out everything but do not do much. In the two decades we have built less than 1,000 km of highways; Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City - the two economic locomotives are struggling forever but not yet finished the first 20 km of the subway. Vietnam "refused to develop" because of this way of thinking and doing.

Huynh The Du

Police blocked the car

At noon on July 9, on provincial road 354, a 16-year-old boy without a helmet, riding a motorbike exceeding the prescribed speed, made a direct hit to a traffic police lieutenant on duty. The sharp thrust of the policeman was sent flying high, turned around and threw to the ground.

Apparently, the teenager who controlled the motorbike in this case was wrong. But the police sergeant's head-breaking act also raises a big question about the validity of the professional measure.

First, imagine a motorbike with the driver sitting on it, total weight about 160kg. The car drove at a speed of 61km / h, the police soldier himself suffered a collision force equivalent to 1700kg.

With a force of about 10kg can break the rib side, 90kg cracked skull, about 500kg the skull will be crushed. The thigh bone, which is considered to be the strongest body, can only withstand 400kg, which is broken.

The skeleton is only the body's protective frame because it is the strongest. The organs are weak and far more dangerous. Therefore, the traffic police lieutenant had to finish the task in the hospital with a diagnosis of brain stamping and intracranial hematoma, cervical vertebra rupture, right right joint dislocation; These injuries will have lifelong disability consequences.

I have not seen any police in any country taking a reckless approach to the front of the offending vehicle to stop it. For example, in Sweden, I spend a lot of time watching how police stop traffic violations. At first a police officer would signal, by gesturing to the violating vehicle and pointing to the road, but the car was still moving. At the second location, another policeman gave a similar signal, letting the offending vehicle know the error and the stop, the distance between the two points was about 150m. At the last stop, a policeman gave the order to stop the car and instructed to park the car in a safe place, the violator just obeyed the order.

At those points, I have never seen a conflict between the police and the driver; On the contrary, the police always show bright smiles and the drivers always thank the police for pointing out the faults they make that could endanger themselves and the community. This is different from the traffic situation in Vietnam, between police and drivers there is always fierce conflict, culminating in attacks from drivers who do not control instinct.

Stopping traffic offenses is one of the most dangerous jobs of the police, because in most cases, the police know nothing about the people in their cars stopping. It could be an honest citizen, but it could be a murderer, a gang, a drug cart, or any other kind of crime.

The purpose of stopping penalties for vehicles involved in traffic offenses is to protect the offenders themselves, followed by protecting the safety of the community against potentially dangerous situations, ultimately. is to protect the police themselves while on duty.

As someone who often drives long distances, I find that every stop of the vehicle that violates traffic laws always has unpredictable dangerous factors. Any vehicle can become a murder weapon. The task of the police is to resolve those dangerous factors.

For example, when the police requested to stop, but suddenly discovered that the driver of the vehicle is an armed criminal who intentionally fled, the police immediately must take actions to stop the arrest. paralysis In this case, the police must use the maximum power and force to control the subject, in order to protect the safety of the people, and also ensure the safety of the police themselves.

On the contrary, violators merely make mistakes according to the rules of road traffic safety law, which is not enough basis for the police to use drastic and comprehensive preventive measures.

People who violate traffic laws are different from criminals, most of whom run away just to avoid being fined, some because they panic and do stupid things. The police should therefore not turn a mere traffic law offense into a potential murder. To do that, police must know how to judge the situation, based on factors such as information related to criminal offenses, speed of the offender, road conditions, density of people in traffic. , time of day; from which to make a decision whether or not a thorough preventive measure.

The question remains, is that when the police let the offender escape, is it tolerating acts of intentional violation? The answer is in how to proceed then. If the offender's defection is considered simply that the police did not make an arrest at that time, but the subject was immediately placed in the surveillance security system, the escapees must be arrested in another time with a strong enough penalty to deter; By doing so, I am sure that I will achieve positive results.

The tragedy of a 16-year-old boy stabbing into a traffic police sergeant in Hai Phong will close. But the big lesson that needs to be opened is that when we're in a traffic culture with a habit of rushing forward, in order to slow down, both people in traffic and police officers need to be alert. And the principle of performing the most important task for the police officer: When the risk of arrest is greater than the danger that the offender caused intentionally to flee, the police stop should stop.

Tran Van Phuc

Buy Vietnamese wife

Tags Hong Phuc
For a few days, I searched different concepts about "human trafficking". There are a number of definitions but it is generally a behavior that works in many ways to get people from one place to another to make a profit. Trafficking in persons is one of the least known transnational crimes, potentially widespread and highly profitable.

The fact that the Vietnamese bride was abused by her Korean husband in South Jeolla Province, South Korea made many people angry. The solemn apologies and the subsequent "strict handling" promise appear to be just a means of communication addressing the issue. The situation of violence in Vietnamese-Korean marriage is not a single phenomenon of an exposed husband.

Solving the problem does not lie with the strict handling or the seriousness of a husband hitting his wife. Such marriages are more likely to be violent. Many of them are formed by the mechanism of sale and purchase, the absence of love and, in the first place, serious inequality because of human affection has been commercialized.

Such commercialization is created by the motive of both supply and demand sides. In order to improve the population decline situation because Korean men cannot get married, the government has many policies for men. Dozens of localities in South Korea cover the costs of men getting married, buying air tickets, renting accommodation and paying brokerage fees when going abroad to find wives. South Gyeongsang Province provides a bachelor's allowance of 10 million Won if he gets a foreign wife to "promote the province's agriculture".

In Vietnam, marriage brokerage is considered illegal, but the influx of brides abroad has continued to flow for decades. Meanwhile, authorities have never been able to answer, how many of these marriages have passed through brokers.

Two years ago, during a field trip to the West, I met dozens of girls who married Korean people. They are visiting home or have fled from their husband's hometown. Including Tran Thanh Lan, the girl with a very gentle face to her mother in the shape of ash ashes after only 26 days of bride in Korea. In the diary my mother gave me, the girl wrote about the beatings and panic attacks in a foreign country, before jumping from the 17th floor of her husband's apartment to the ground.

I also met hundreds of girls who are learning Korean quickly in Can Tho City to continue this special flow of migration. A common reason for pushing them onto a "married Korean" boat is an "acquaintance".

That "acquaintance", whose aunt called her grandmother, whose aunt said it was an acquaintance of an acquaintance in the city, an acquaintance of neighbors' relatives ... but it was those who came to meet her, see her face and face, ask for information about her age, family background and persuade her to see the faces of older Korean husbands. The prospect of "acquaintances" drawn with young girls and their parents is the same.

"My grandmother said that the Korean husband has a very high salary, 50 to 100 million VND each month. They will take me to keep. The family is very rich, my parents-in-law are fond of everything they buy for all when they want to come back to Vietnam." visit their parents to let me know "- Bich told. She had just escaped from the home of her husband, Li, a factory worker in kimchi, on a snowy night. She couldn't even remember the name of that countryside. Bich was depressed for a long time because she was afraid of times when her husband strangled and fainted in the bedroom and sexual violence.

Dozens of girls said that immediately after the wedding, they could not call her. "Ten years old, when we first came to Saigon, we didn't know anything. Vietnamese women were so cheap, married with bad luck than buying lottery tickets."

Although I did not want to, but I could not resist the thought for months, that acquaintances, maids lurking throughout the Vietnamese countryside, hunting for girls under 20 to seduce and introduce them to get married Han, very close to the human trafficking clues.

Bich said, in South Korea, everywhere, there are ads from marriage agencies with the message: the fee for a successful marriage is only 10 million won (nearly 10 thousand USD, this amount is mostly due to payment by the government); "guaranteed to find a perfect Asian wife", "virgin and not running away". According to the Korean newspaper, there are currently about 1,250 marriage brokers arranging thousands of weddings each year between Korean men and foreign women. Vietnamese brides make up 73% of all marriages involving foreign elements. The groom is an average of 18 years older than his wife, they only take an average of 3.9 days to know the face and fiancee.

One side encouraged men to find foreign wives with money, to be frank, to buy. One side does not control the sophisticated activities crept around the village of "marriage storks", looking for goods to sell.

I met Nguyen Mai H, a 19-year-old Kien Giang girl showing off her "newly married" brother, Kim Jung Si, 42 years old thanks to the "acquaintance" introduced. She is taking intensive Korean class for one month. "I will live with my husband in Nanching province" - "Do you know where it is?" - "I don't. I only know my husband as a salesman for the company, what business I don't know".

The girl had a beautiful face, long blonde hair dyed in Korean style, with sparkling stone nails stroking the phone screen showing off her wedding photos. The one-eyed man, wrinkles were lurking on the ends of his eyes, wearing a sleeveless shirt standing next to the young bride in a pink dress. They do not touch each other. Her hand held the wedding bouquet with fabric. Groom hands pocket pants. Her husband has been to Vietnam twice, including the wedding.

"In that province, they like Vietnamese girls very much. That acquaintance said that when I got married, I was very happy at first, so I introduced it to you."

To strengthen the Korean-Vietnamese international marriage must firstly ensure that women are only a profitable commodity for intermediaries. While we wait for Korea to adjust its policies on foreign brides, we must protect our own citizens by ending speedy marriages.

I hope there are no more mothers who have to repeat themselves like Mrs. Kim Anh and Lan's mother: "My child is dead, I can't do anything anymore, if only he could not go, there would be a mother with children, miserable." whatever. "

Hong Phuc

The nights at the hospital

"Why don't you take care of it, ask it all the time?", The mother of the child hit the table, cursing at my face.

She continued to repeat that sentence as I tried to explain why I had to ask about the baby. At the door of the clinic, another girl, probably a family member, took her phone to film.

The baby had a high fever, took the medicine at home. I have to ask for details about the disease and the medicine taken because if it's unclear what medicine, how much, and when, the use of more antipyretic drugs is in danger of an overdose, which can lead to acute liver failure. The mother did not listen, cursing at me for refusing to lower her fever. She continued to threaten both the doctor and the nurse.

I felt very heavy but tried to suppress my emotions, inviting her and her husband in, asking her husband to take her outside so I could explain it to her. That the child should not be given extra medicine because he used twice the usual dose, then instructed family members to clean the baby and re-examine after 30 minutes.

It was a situation when I was on duty at the Emergency Room Filter Department of Children's Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City a few years ago. This is a room to quickly assess patients to decide whether children really need emergency care or not, the purpose is to avoid overloading the Emergency Department - where it is necessary to focus all resources to quickly handle schools. heavy case. Each night has two sessions, each session a doctor. From 10 pm until 7 am, we receive 100 to 150 patients. Because there is only one clinic in the night, doctors and nurses both examine and treat patients, and have to quickly glance at patients waiting to be able to detect cases of true emergency.

Another day, about one o'clock in the morning, the man took his child to the Emergency Medicine Filter Room, asking the doctor to examine him immediately in a harsh voice. There are more than 10 other patients in the queue. My colleague took a quick check and told the father that the child didn't show any signs of emergency so wait for his turn. The father did not agree to wait, loudly cursed him "medical examination for money", "no medical ethics", and then threatened to "publish newspaper". The doctor was upset, chasing his father out. He challenged the doctor "come out here and duel." Fortunately, the guard ran to intervene in time.

With many doctors in Vietnam, perhaps the story I told is not strange. You can find one or more similar stories in the newspaper last week. I think there are three causes coming from three sides: the medical industry, the sick family and the community.

On the medical side, I admit that the communication and attitude of health workers who have long been complained of by people is something that needs improvement. But it is not easy for many health workers when they have to work hard at a time when people need to sleep with a number of illnesses and other stresses. Some hospitals have invited famous experts on communication skills training for physicians and doctors. But experts are mostly outsiders, have not experienced the work pressure in the industry, have not experienced the atmosphere of a night shift and are also unlikely to have experienced the reality when meeting relatives who have overreacted. Therefore, training effectiveness is not clear.

In addition, professional errors, weak health system infrastructure, cramped and overloaded facilities, inadequate layout of rooms, complicated instructions, and few utility services are the causes. The feelings of patients and family members become negative.

For their part, patients and their relatives mostly do not have proper knowledge about the disease as well as basic and basic care at home. From my experience, of the number of children who come to check in at Children's Hospital I, only about 5% need to be admitted to the hospital, up to 2% of those patients need true emergency, about 20% need to stay behind to follow. After that, the rest was not dangerous so I could wait until the morning to go see the doctor as usual. About half of the patients were taken to the hospital because their relatives did not know how to take care of sick children, they had fever, cough, or diarrhea 1 or 2 times took their children to the hospital, contributing to the overload. .

In contrast, there are also cases where family members who rely on "Google doctors", self-treat at home, do not recognize severe signs for timely examination. I used to be examined by a parent but did not cooperate, just read information online and asked or threatened the doctor to follow. Some cases progressed seriously but relatives expected too much, always thinking that any disease would be over if they went to a large hospital, thus leading to violence against health workers when their relatives did not recover.

Lining culture is also an important factor. Most Vietnamese do not have the habit of queuing, so when they wait to see the doctor, they get frustrated easily. On the night of the hospital, the hospital had only one reception room and no good support system like the day, they tended to be less compliant with the order of the examination, often people rushed to ask for first examination.

From the community side, social media can contribute to increasing the risk of violence against health workers. The rapid sharing of negative, or thought negative, events of the medical industry without clear understanding or inadequate professional knowledge increases hostility towards health workers. There are events that occur only in an individual, a facility but are considered common manifestations of the whole industry.

Some people go to hospitals often feel bad because of prejudices from their own previous experience when interacting with others, or by retelling, due to the impact of social networks and media. Negative information is always spread and longer.

Certainly the medical industry needs to improve more on a large scale, this is what many people have said. As for each hospital, make a commitment to "do not accept violence" as shown by clear rules of conduct that apply to both staff and patients. At the same time, implementing measures to help create a safe working environment, such as appropriate personnel arrangement during peak hours, installation of camera systems to record violent situations and timely handling of law. . The readiness of security guards at "hot spots" is also a positive measure.

Health professionals should encourage employees to report all levels of violence. The reality is that employees rarely report verbal offenses, but encouraging reporting helps leaders see the true extent of the problem and take appropriate solutions.

Hospitals also need to be reorganized to help prevent violence, such as providing a comfortable waiting area with additional facilities to help relatives wait restless, such as drinking water, television, books and newspapers; enable them to observe health workers at work; strengthen information on the delayed provision of health care services. All can reduce misunderstandings and tension between the two sides. The current transition to compulsory financial autonomy will lead hospitals to improve in all aspects, including the attitude and quality of service that can attract more patients. than.

Having done medicine, we do not want to hurt the sick, just like our relatives want their family to be well. Why don't we behave more civilized than the clinic so that we can all benefit?

Pham Minh Triet

History for whom

In 2016, during my trip to the United States, I was placed in a group called the "Asia-Pacific Delegation", comprising journalists from China, Thailand, Malaysia, Fiji, New Zealand, Singapore and Papua. New Guinea.

The second day in Washington DC, the delegation was guided to visit Jefferson monument and Lincoln monument. The monuments are impressive and even dear, after all we have seen them countless times in Hollywood movies. But in the central DC landmark, there's one place I want to visit more than anything, which is not on the schedule. It was the Vietnam War Memorial.

For a moment, I felt confused. The schedule was very tight, leading the delegation to be very professional Americans hired by the State Department. Members of the delegation are a group of intellectuals from many developed countries, some of you behave so well that it would frighten a Vietnamese man. I look like a black sheep of the union, with unkempt hair and English capital of a young man watching a lot of HBO. We just met each other one day. And now I want to ask them to change the schedule, because of their own will.

I thought, then asked everyone: "How many countries have participated in the Vietnam War here?".

The Chinese girl of course got it first. The journalist from New Zealand thought, then remembered that this country had sent troops to Vietnam. I turned to my friend from Thailand, reminding him: "Your country is participating too". The North bombers came from U-Tapao air base in Pattaya, he remembered and acknowledged.

I kept talking, and finally my friends Fiji and Papua New Guinea took the phone to the continent, and found out that these two small and innocent island nations were finally involved in the war, one way or another. . Most of the countries present there have "taken part in the war" in some sense. Finally, I achieved the goal. The whole team agreed to spend half an hour visiting the Vietnam War Memorial.

One of the first, most basic and most difficult lessons I learned in journalism or the mass media, is that people often only care about things that relate directly to them. This lesson is not easy to remember, because in writing, authors are often obsessed with things that are important to themselves. During my years as an editor, I witnessed tragedy: environmental activists, scientists or economists say a lot of profound things about what they think are important to them. Hybrid country or planet fate. But very few people read it. Because readers don't feel like this has anything to do with their life.

This task, in mass media, is as difficult as a date. It is a place where people who only say things they think are interesting will be disqualified. Winners often elicit common concerns.

I was well aware of this: my friends in the group that day, even though they were all well-known journalists, had no reason to care about Vietnamese history, and I would be ungrateful if they suggested going to see a something related to some "neighboring country". I invited them to see a part of their history on a trip to America. This is much more fun to think about.

Think of the concept of "history" as a scientific topic: how will you convince a 15-year-old boy who is puberty and consider himself the center of the universe? history? Just because he's Vietnamese and is that history of Vietnam? And Vietnamese history is obviously important?

The answer has been expressed in this year's epic exam scores, or the effect of teaching and learning history over the years. Last year, more than 80% of the epic tests scored below average. This year, the rate is 70%. It is not unreasonably to shout that "history is important" cannot convince students. Sorry, it's just a rote class to avoid impotence, the student himself, or his parents will answer you that way.

When I was a kid, there was a time when an adult in my house told me that that "grandmother" that year, her family had finished packing and bought tickets to emigrate to the South. But because the youngest, my grandfather, was determined not to go, the whole family had to stay. My grandfather stayed, although he was still a well-known professional, many years later in the public career because of the "bourgeois son".

There is an adult-like situation or historical context to explain such a family situation to children. Later, knowing that "that year" was 1954, I always felt that everything: the emigration of the 54, the Geneva Agreement, or the political atmosphere of the North in the 1960s and 70, ... is part of my family history, something very personal.

Or I remember that the first phase of the anti-French resistance war was completely private as well: my grandparents were the first members of the battlefield of Van, Yen Bai. Since then, the "General Yen Yen Rebellions" of 1930, or the lives of Nguyen Thai Hoc, Doan Tran Nghiep and Pho Duc Chinh, those who were executed in Yen Bai that year, became a familiar part. that in my mind.

History is not always a part of family history. Many people will not believe this: it was not until I was about 30 years old that I actually read about the 30/4/1975 landmark. Before that, I, like most young people, considered history as "memorizing" and as a special student in the eyes of a history teacher (and many other social subjects). But in April 2015, a coincidence made me meet "babylift children" - orphans taken out of Vietnam in April 1975 air campaign. One of them returned to Vietnam to find her mother, and I accidentally joined the journey. I don't understand anything, but the feeling of an orphan I know.

History may relate to one's own life, or to one's own emotions. It only becomes really interesting when we create that "relevance". Here, it is easy to see that history textbooks and multiple choice questionnaires do not create relevant emotions for young people. Blaming them forever for "indifference" is not the way. The question is, how to translate history into emotions, into individual stories, the simplicity that every ordinary person can understand - they all feel that it is their life.

At the highest level, as we see how Koreans, Japanese and Americans have done, historical education became a media art, with massive research volumes, masters said. stories, attractive forms and products that can be sold globally.

It is easy to imagine what a Korean manufacturer could do with a bowl of pho: the history of the French colonial period, the influx of people from Nam Dinh before 1945, and the bowl of pho followed people to the South in 1954 after Hiep. Geneve, that is where it is added sweet sauce, bean sprouts and basil ...

He sells pho and people who eat pho will leave the entire bowl of pho sitting to watch the movie or read that book. People will be interested in history that no one needs to shout.

It is the responsibility of the managers or the private sector, the framework of this article is not enough to discuss. But I just want to emphasize the fact that the responsibility of history education cannot be relied upon in books and high schools. It is a special topic, with a special reception approach, and needs creativity at the social scale. Many students have below-average scores, just the tip of an iceberg, in which creativity and historical exploration on a social scale are limited for many reasons.

When we talk about patriotism, a lot of the part of the concept of "patriotism" is historical love. If we look at it from this perspective, the effectiveness of teaching history as our country is now very frightening. Children would rather cosplay in Japanese Edo-era costumes (because Japanese producers have created an emotional connection with them through manga), rather than reading Vietnamese history.

In my perspective, of course, every person can and should be a teacher. You might think: What story am I going to tell my child today, about history?

Lord Emperor

Treating outsiders

There was a dark scar on my face, the result of a road traffic accident. Late that night, the front wheel of the motorbike slid into the construction sand streak scattered at the intersection of Quan Thanh and Hang Bun streets, and I fell down on the road. The pressure on the road surface was rough and painful, I felt like I was bleeding and faintly took a step forward, then fainted.

When I woke up in the emergency room of Viet Duc Hospital, the wound was sewn, sore and some close relatives. They were informed by a woman who called me, who saved me and taken me to the hospital and sent my car and assets at the ward police. I later tried many times to find the benefactor but not satisfied, but I heard that she worked as a scrap metal collector.

Surely this is a kind person, I believe. I still have a scar on my face even though many friends suggested that I go for a "cosmetic" treatment, which can disappear completely. I keep it as a reminder of the lesson of how to live thoughtfully for others, who myself have been enjoying it from a stranger on the street.

Another situation I learned in Da Nang, the image of a man holding a hammer chiseling broken concrete and sticking on the road surface to limit traffic accidents. This person's actions received many compliments from the online community. The man is Mr. Mai Xuân Hùng from Quảng Nam.

Mr. Hung told me that he was a granite worker, when he came home from the Red Bridge section, heading to Mieu Bong junction (Hoa Phuoc commune, Hoa Vang district, Da Nang city), he discovered the scattered concrete. tight on the road. Worrying the pedestrians might have an accident, at midday in the sun, he sat cloudy and cleaned it up.

His beautiful actions reminded me of the spirit of "Omoiyari" - a concept originating from Japan, to refer to a respectful attitude of life: "Thinking for others". In fact, as we have seen, Japanese people always have very simple actions, everyday life and many positive attitudes. Prominent among them, Omoiyari is a valuable virtue, which means caring, kind and kind to everyone.

In Japanese, Omoiyari is made up of two words, omou and yaru. Omou means thinking or feeling, used in many situations, from expressing your opinion to remembering beautiful memories. And yaru means doing, giving or taking over. It is this combination that makes Omoiyari a word that represents the noble spirit of thinking about the feelings of others, putting oneself in their situation to think and act on the human, unselfish.

The spirit of Japanese "Omoiyari" is evident in even the smallest details, from the ingenuity of keeping a certain distance so that the opposite person is comfortable in queuing, coming in for conversations. Everyday, Japanese people are also sensitive when avoiding sensitive topics such as age, physique, income or marriage. This insight and subtlety gave me a truly sympathetic look when I later had the opportunity to exchange business with Japanese partners.

Or during a business trip in Japan, I took the Shinkansen bullet train for the first time. Known to be a famous Japanese technological work, but what caught my attention when boarding the train was the row of seats arranged in two rows of three and two, with the middle seat in the row of three wide. than the other seats.

When I got to the hotel, I emailed the operating company Shinkansen, and surprisingly, they answered in a few minutes. Which answers that the middle chair is wider than the two adjacent seats in order to give the middle seat more comfortable, without feeling the two people sitting next to you gripped. And this was carefully calculated in the original design, they called it Omoiyari.

I think a lot, affordable the delicate design, always interested in the feeling of the user in this spirit of Omoiyari has originated for the outstanding success of the Japanese. They pay attention from the smallest details but bring great satisfaction, so that other peoples must look and admire.

We still seem to be easy to click on small things, push the road a little, go the red light a few seconds or jostle without queuing ... Things that seem small, do not think for others is the brake restrain many kind things that should always be present.

For example, in each harvest season, many rural areas happened the story of drying rice and corn under the road of farmers in the crop. People even create iron spikes to get out, preventing road users from inserting corn. Those iron nails were an obsession for many people.

There are individuals for their own sake to take action, but there are also heroes and scavengers who do not hesitate to devote their time to helping unfamiliar people.

In today's society, there are many people who are willing to help others, but sometimes do not act because they think they are easily spread. However, perhaps it is never too late to start changing for a better life and society. Simple, is to start thinking for others.

Hoang Minh Tri

Trade off mistakes

While writing my book about Hanoi, I wondered what made this city so attractive. The "livable city" rankings are often based on criteria such as quality schools, clean air or low crime rates. But I always thought there was something else in Hanoi, more difficult to measure, I named it "lively sidewalk".

I am sure many visitors to Hanoi will agree with me. And those who buy vegetables at the toad market in the morning, take children and pets for a walk in the day, or eat and go out for dinner in the evening will agree.

There are many reasons why sidewalks here are full of life. The French urban design in the city center includes beautiful tree-lined streets with pedestrian space. The cramped housing makes people like to go out. And Vietnamese food is so delicious that no one wants to miss the opportunity to eat pho in the morning, or bun cha in the afternoon.

For all these reasons, I am really excited that the Hanoi urban government plants a lot of trees throughout the city, following the French urban design tradition. I am also assured that the sidewalk economy, the restaurants, the friendship and the love continue to flourish on the sidewalks of Hanoi.

However, sometimes I am worried. Recently, Nghi Tam Street was upgraded according to the explanation to help traffic flow. And this makes perfect sense. But in the process, sidewalks were minimized and all greenery was removed. I understand that Au Co Street may soon suffer the same fate.

Nghi Tam and Au Co are one of the main roads connecting the airport to the city center. They are the first image of Hanoi welcoming heads of state and other important people to Vietnam. The narrow and tidy, empty, green pavement of these roads will make a sad first impression.

The justification for cutting down trees, narrowing sidewalks and widening the streets is understandable: there are too many vehicles on the road and traffic congestion is becoming unbearable. If the road surface area increases, traffic will be more smooth, congestion will be reduced.

Many cities in advanced economies faced increased traffic congestion during the 20th century, and their answers were often the same: paving the way.

In New York, master builder Robert Moses once wanted to run a highway through Soho, one of the most valuable neighborhoods in the city. In Paris, under President Georges Pompidou, a beautiful bank of the Seine River was deformed to be ugly to build the highway on it.

However, urban planners soon realized that more roads attracted more traffic and did not reduce congestion much. This unsettling result was recorded in the US as early as 1930. Since then, transportation experts have understood the problem.

Why doesn't the wider street cause less traffic? Imagine that every morning, 100,000 vehicles travel from the suburbs to the city center and there are ten equally wide streets for people to take this journey. Road users constantly choose the least congested roads, the result of this choice is that the traffic flow is evenly spread across all roads. With 100,000 vehicles and 10 equally wide streets, each road will have about 10,000 vehicles in the morning.

Now suppose that one of these streets doubles the width. As a result, road users faced a choice between the surface equivalent of 11 old roads: 9 of them were as narrow as before and 1 was twice as wide. The result: 9,091 vehicles on the old roads (100,000 divided by 11), down 9%. But on the extended street, there are currently 18,182 vehicles every morning (9,091 times 2), up to 82%.

The reality is a bit more complicated than this example. Larger road surfaces may cause some people to move from public transport to motorcycles or private cars. At that time, the number of vehicles on the road may be more than 100,000.

With so many roads built or expanded in cities over the years, there is now enough statistical evidence to assess their impact. Following a 10% increase in road surface, after a few years, it was found that the number of vehicles increased by 9% to 10%.

These findings are the basis for a bold initiative of the city of Seoul. The acclaimed Cheonggyecheon project involves demolishing a very busy highway that cuts through the city center, reviving the buried river below and turning the area into a beautiful, long urban park. 11 km. When the project was announced in 2003, there were concerns that congestion would become unbearable. But in fact, the traffic flow has decreased almost proportionately.

The only sustainable solution to urban congestion is efficient public transport thanks to fast bus routes and especially the metro. Bartering sidewalks for traffic is a way to ease congestion in the immediate future, but the benefits are temporary. And the loss of lively sidewalks, one of Hanoi's largest urban assets, will be permanent. Just as the Hanoi urban government is committed to planting more trees, I hope they will also make efforts to protect the wide sidewalks for Hanoians to gather, sell, buy, eat, and meet friends. friends and nurture love.

In fact, I can only encourage the Hanoi urban government to follow the example of Seoul. If you notice, you will notice that some lanes of Nghi Tam Street are larger than the others. If the larger lanes are cut to the size of the smaller lanes, the sidewalk may be enlarged and trees may be replanted. And this does not affect traffic at all.

Martin Rama

Confine Saigon

Nearly 20 years ago, I met a material scientist. He went to my office - an environmental technology center - to ask for cooperation because he thought that flooding in Ho Chi Minh City was caused by rain water not being effectively managed.

His idea was to use a composite assembled tank to store rainwater. If every office and household were equipped with these tanks, the city would no longer be flooded. His enthusiastic presentation persuaded a newspaper to publish an article about this innovative solution titled "The Rain-locked Person".

Although I doubt the effectiveness, my boss also admires cooperative research. I was tasked with assisting the scientist with experimenting with the solution. The scene is a wide yard angle in the office. "Rain-locked people" use five composite panels assembled into a rectangular tub, reinforced with iron outside. He spread the canvas on the inside of the tub to keep the water from leaking out. Above the tub without a lid, wait for rain to "lock in".

One afternoon at the end of July, the sky was dark and the clouds danced. Rain rushing down. In the yard and in the tub, water gradually rose. From my office to the main road, the water besieged all sides. The tub with the blue canvas is resting in a corner "falling" in the vast sea. Of course there is no clear effect on flood reduction. When the weather stopped, the "rain-locked person" still held his knees and sighed silently. I laughed and said, "Today you got locked up by the rain." He argued, "Don't you see that you have locked the rain in the corner of the yard? If those tanks were filled with the city, where would the rain run?"

I know he argued only that way, because he could not explain how to equip each household and workplace such tanks in the context of crowded land. After that afternoon, I didn't see the scientist come back. The tub remained in the corner of the yard, through the rainy and rainy seasons, it was warped and rotten.

The idea of ​​"capturing the rain" has become a thing of the past, after 20 years, history repeats itself with the idea of ​​using flood control jars.

Since ancient times, his father used a jar, a tank to store rainwater for long-term use because of the scarce clean water, but never to prevent flooding. In urban infrastructure design and construction, effective rainwater management is an important requirement. The management and use of rainwater is also a criterion for evaluating green architecture according to LEED standards set by the US Green Building Council, which is the leading international standard for energy-saving buildings and maintenance. environmental protection. IFC's EDGE certification system - a global voluntary certification system for efficient resource use in many countries - also sets stormwater management criteria.

Following sustainable urban trends, rainwater is encouraged to reduce water demand and conserve resources. Flood reduction, if any, is only a consequence of rainwater collection, not the main purpose.

To thoroughly solve the problem, the logic is to clarify the root cause before proposing a solution. If not, the idea is that the solution creates more complex implications. Unfortunately, more and more "solutions" such as composite tanks or flood-proofing tanks are proposed, but few go into the root cause.

Although people are tired of the topic of flood protection, the "law of conservation of flooding" is still true not only for Ho Chi Minh City but also for big cities: flooding does not generate itself and does not disappear. from one place to another. The reasons are actually not new, that is the situation of a few people against the flood, or anti-flood protection investment is both ineffective and ineffective, flood control planning - as well as many other planning - only hero soul on paper. We still see that flood control units keep flooding, clogging sewers, while the transport industry, construction units, post offices, and telecommunications compete to create concrete surfaces.

Apartments sprung up. Ponds, lakes, rivers and canals are continuously leveled. Garbage is everywhere. At this rate, the topic of flood protection is always current until our children, our grandchildren, our great-grandchildren.

And yet, even though the plans, solutions and ideas are always aimed at positive goals, but when they come into practice, there is a problem, not only limited to technical, financial and administrative expertise but also due to the Non-professional interventions distort the original positive intent. Thu Thiem planning and Ho Chi Minh City drainage planning are specific examples. If you search for "anti solution" types, you will have millions of results.

The situation of "hundreds of flowers blooming" about the solution shows that many leaders and organizations want to participate in solving social problems. But the very outbreak of the solution also shows the impasse of the public system in meeting the expectations of the people. It also shows the inability of regulators to prevent flooding - active governance to prevent or minimize flooding before the rain comes. In practice, managers can apply passive and proactive governance simultaneously. But a system that is too prone to passive governance will be unstable and consume a lot of resources to follow the problem and solve the consequences. On the contrary, active governance, if focused, will always be available to prevent and control problems.

It is contradictory that when more and more "anti-solutions" emerge, the management of rainwater becomes even more deadlock.

Nguyen Dang Anh Thi

Milk flower stinks

I miss the autumn nights of Hanoi 30 years ago, in the chilly weather, I used to walk along Nguyen Du Street, then round up Quang Trung Street, to enjoy the romance of the natural fragrance. sprinkle on the air.

That day there were only a few milk flower plants in Hanoi. September milk flowers start to bloom, very fragrant flowers in October, late bloom then through mid-November. On the background of the blue autumn sky dividing, printed tiny white flowers, flowers waiting for pigs to blow, wings fall into dust particles, flowers sprinkled onto the road makes anyone passing through feel hangover.

For many years, I realized that staying under the canopy of milk flowers is the dream of many people, the nostalgia of those who have traveled far from the capital, the smiles or the hands of young couples who are immersed. fall in love with each other.

Tall milk-flower tree, elegant straight, with no leafy season, so it keeps a strange green all year round. The branching of leaves and flowers not only makes the tree look beautiful, but also forms large and small clusters like specially attractive curls.

Not only bringing natural beauty, milk flowers are also known as a precious medicine, producing many important medicines.

In traditional medicine, many parts of the milk flower plant (such as roots, bark, sap, leaves, seeds) are used to treat intestinal diseases, fever, malaria, epilepsy, otitis media, asthma. , pimples and skin diseases. There are folk remedies made from milk flower plants, which can be treated by women and treated with a lot of vaginal discharge, while men who take in medicines can overcome the physiological weakness. Recently, milk flowers are being applied by scientists to apply cancer treatment, with initial positive results.

Milk flower with good quality, used to make household items, but especially valuable when making high-grade white paper for students and making blackboards, so milk flower has another name. is a blackboard tree.

Milkweed has another very valuable characteristic, which is its high sensitivity to environmental pollution, thanks to its ability to absorb toxins quickly in the air, in the soil and in water. Therefore, environmentalists have used milk flowers to evaluate pollution indicators.

Normally, green milk flower leaves are thick, thick and smooth. When there are dust particles, heavy metal particles, chemical particles suspended in the air, milk flower leaves will quickly absorb, toxins transport through veins under the chlorophyll layer, gradually accumulating into traces. papules like warts.

The scientists only need to peel the warts on the leaves, quantify and quantify each poison, or simply count the number of warts and the size of the warts, to be able to know the level of environment being polluted. .

With each of those characteristics, milk flowers can blindly fascinate anyone. In recent years, Hanoi has experienced rapid urban growth, with pressure on greening new neighborhoods, requiring a short period of time to plant trees in large numbers. Milk flower is one of the fastest growing, cheapest, tall and shady, romantic aromatic flowers that go into poetry; Therefore, growers were fascinated by the milk flower and forgot that pollen is very dangerous to human health.

Thirty years ago, there were only a few trees in Hanoi on Nguyen Du street, the romantic and attractive milk flower season only came in the last 2 months of autumn, so milk flower lovers will have to wait for next year's flower season. return.

But in recent years, milk flower has lost its beauty because Hanoi has planted too much, flowers started to bloom in May, which has really caused health risks to the capital's people.

The scent of milk flowers is essentially volatile organic substances, including 34 identified chemical components, but mainly aromatic substances such as linalool (35.7%), cis- and trans-linalool. oxides (14.7%), α-terpineol (12.3%), 2-phenylethyl acetate (6.3%), terpinen-4-ol (5.6%).

During heat waves, 34 of those chemicals, along with the product of Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), are discharged from cars and motorcycles, creating heavy air pollution. Air pollution is due to the smell of the milky flower, which is a green paradox, but that's true, when the city is clogged with toxic fumes and dust particles mixed with the scent of milk flower.

At night, the scent of milk flower with NOx makes the air become thick, stifling feeling is difficult to breathe, even the healthiest people can not stand and lose sleep.

NOx causes respiratory disease and heart attack, with the scent of milk flowers, patients will become worse. 34 aromatic compounds of milk flower are extremely dangerous allergens, becoming fear for people with a history of allergy, asthma, chronic lung disease, allergic conjunctivitis.

And yet, in the winter and spring, the milk flower has 2 hairs on both ends, fluff falls in the air, a person with a history of asthma or lung disease when inhaled, the disease may recur and aggravation. important.

Take action so the milky flowers don't bother the city dwellers. The patience of the people with the milky flower has expired. From the social networking forums to the parliament of the People's Council meetings, the people reflected that the milk flower stinks too much, so that Hanoi has to find a solution. Starting with the decision to move 96 milkflowers from Tay Ho to Nam Son landfill.

I agree that in addition to the Nam Son landfill, in addition to the thorough disposal of rubbish, a green belt is needed, that is, those trees that have the ability to absorb outstanding pollutants, such as mango or banyan trees .

Milk flower is an extremely good pollutant, has the advantage of reducing odor thanks to 34 aromatic compounds, if grown in densely populated areas, it will not cause air pollution effects because The smell of pollen.

But milk flower With seed characteristics is difficult to collect, because the fruit blooms while still on the tree, fresh seeds have a very high germination rate to nearly 100%, each kilogram of milk flower seeds have about 357,000 seeds; That's what worries me. Milk flower seeds are easy to spread away thanks to the hairs, proliferate very quickly, so milk flower needs strict control to ensure that milk flower seeds are not widely distributed.

The Nam Son garbage doctor is wide and empty, does planting milk flowers risk spreading large numbers of seeds to the surrounding environment? The vegetation, including vast protective forests around Soc Son, will "deal" with the new plant. I could not answer that question. I just know that growing milk flowers was once wrong because of willpower - not carefully studying the scientific aspects of the plant. Do not correct the wrong by single-minded wills.

The movement of milk flowers to Nam Son landfill must be very careful, cannot be implemented in a superficial and simple way; I applaud the enthusiasm and aggressiveness of the city government, but that is not enough, but the involvement of scientists is required in a truly scientific way. In the meantime, in other densely populated streets, the city may implement a temporary solution, which is to prune branches just before the flowering season.

Tran Van Phuc

Honey sticky rice

In the National Assembly, I once boldly commented: "Staff at all levels cannot help understanding the structure". Later, during a Government meeting, the Prime Minister reiterated this opinion.

Perhaps because we do not care about this very basic scientific concept, for many years we have been cruelly doing an unscientific task of encroaching on so much structured land - or folk often call it land. "sticky rice fields" - to build non-agricultural works.

Structure is a scientific term. For thousands of years, microorganisms have accumulated in the soil an organic type called humus. The composition of humus is characterized by the main compounds: humic acid, fulvic acid, ulmic acid and their salts. Humus is not only a store of food for plants, but more importantly, they link the soil into pellets of moderate size.

There are three different types of soil. Clay consists of very small particles, sandy soil consists of larger particles. These two types have no fertility and cannot be cultivated. Arable soil is bound by humus to create moderate-sized seeds, the structure always has small tubes filled with water, air and nutrients. People call it structured land.

Many foreign scientists tell me: "To get rich first, you have to build a way". That is, it is necessary to have roads leading to unstructured or poorly constructed areas (such as laterite, infertile soil, clay, sandy soil) to build non-field facilities such as houses and public areas. In many countries, when it is imperative to build non-agricultural constructions in certain places, people have to use mechanical equipment to remove the topsoil, which is about thick. 30cm, for agricultural use.

In our country, most of national highways and even many provincial roads, the two sides of the road no longer have a rice field. From a scientific standpoint, it was an extremely unfortunate mistake and increasingly leading to heavy losses.

"Honey of sticky rice fields" - perhaps there is no such word, so delicious, so fragrant. Wet rice has thousands of years of history on this land. The rice nourished all Lac descendants and grandchildren to protect the country through many wars of defending the country. People liken this S-shaped land to a brace with two ends of two delicious baskets of rice, attached to the Red and Mekong River deltas. In the two fertile deltas, his father tried to cultivate the whole history to feed the population up to nearly 100 million people, while he still had food to support the achievement of rice export. second in the world. Even along the Central region with the spirit of "tilting the field to pour water into the river" and "changing the weather to rain", many rice fields, corn, beans and peanuts have been raised to feed the people.

Farmers may not know the concept of soil structure, but everyone understands that it is not easy to get away with honey fields. It is the incense, the sweat of many generations left by our ancestors.

They also want a company, a factory, an industrial park so their children can increase their income and let the country transform themselves into modernity, but they are also deeply saddened by the concreting of the fertile fields that they used to be. nurturing the lineage. With an area of ​​365,000 km2, we lack nothing of land with little fertility to place factories and industrial parks, where there is no need to concretize the straight fields of storks flying at the heart of the river. Red and Mekong River Basin?

That is not to mention that people recover the sticky rice fields of farmers at very low prices and then do business with high prices, even in many places, they still occupy the land of the abandoned people. This situation caused so many social annoyances, so many long-standing collective lawsuits, and so many poor farming households.

Conflicts caused by land occur within the people, within the family, between local residents and enterprises that are allocated land, between people and authorities at all levels in granting land use right certificates, In the land leasing projects, the work of compensation, site clearance ... takes place everywhere.

In 2017, I returned to Bac Giang and heard the story of people in Phuc Linh village, Huong Lam commune, Hiep Hoa district. They are annoyed about a decision of the district People's Committee in the process of land acquisition by the households who transferred it to a Hanoi company to carry out an investment project to build and trade infrastructure of Mai trade village. Incense.

Farmers who lost their "sticky rice fields" asked the district president to explain the calculation he made to the farmers. A family with 3 sao of land (nearly 1,100 m2) will be compensated about 240 million VND or accepted to take back 10% of the land recovered (110 m2). However, people have to draw lots to find out where to take land. If the household wants to choose a location more favorable than the draw, they must pay an additional amount of 2 to 6 million VND per m2. This means that a household losing 1,100 m2 of land may have to pay an additional 200 million VND to receive only 10% of the investor's land area. This calculation, people said that they had "double damage" but still accepted by the belief in the commitment to issue a red book for the land they received.

While the people were still anxious to be granted land and a red book for the capital contribution or cut back from 10% of the land acquired and built their houses as promised, the district president again reasoned, this was a village project The business is related to wood production and trading, so the land under this project is only 49-year lease land, without a red book. All users must comply with the purpose of the planned project. All constructive acts and wrongful business activities will be strictly and strictly punished. So, who else can anyone call?

The total area of ​​agricultural land that has been acquired for other purposes is still up to hundreds of thousands of hectares. For example, according to statistics of Hai Duong province, the province has 18 industrial parks with an area of ​​about 2,397 hectares. However, nearly 60% of which is handed over to build industrial park infrastructure - thousands of hectares of "banks of fields and honey fields", which have been a source of life for the people who have been recovered - are now deserted. , causing huge waste while farmers wandering around for lost fields.

Land is an invaluable but limited resource and means of production brings enormous benefits. Therefore, the expressions of "group interests" that are evident in land management and land use are easy to recognize and quite common. If not promptly corrected, then inevitable bad consequences on economy and society will happen. I wonder when will we be able to realize and protect the golden lands that will take thousands of years for the microorganisms to create the structure for the honeycomb fields?

Nguyen Lan Dung

No need for heroes

Tags Hong Phuc
More than ten years ago, the wave of bank restructuring and transparency of state-owned enterprises was boiling hot. One morning, I received a phone call at more than 7 o'clock, as soon as I entered the office entrance.

"Do you want to lose your job tomorrow? Who are you and you dare to destroy the national economy? If you do not delete the article and post publicly apologize to thousands of our staff, you and the editorial staff." Don't blame me, whoops ... ", the phone hangs up.

I climbed upstairs, went into the publishing room and picked up the latest issue. Before I could open it, read what the reporter had written, the phone number a deputy bank governor called. He said that the chairman of the large state-owned bank (who just called me) was very angry because an article in the newspaper we just printed suggested that the quality of the large bank's property was in trouble. According to the article, the stock price on the market is too high compared to the real health of the bank, together with evidence.

The chairman of the state-owned bank said the article was "a major insult" to the entire bank and the government - the controlling shareholder holding more than 95% of the shares in this state-owned bank. In his opinion, the author intends to harm the stock price is "flying up" in praise of stock investors.

In the same morning, I could not eat or drink, took the notebook and ran to the other bank, sat and listened to dozens of pages about parameters and requirements explained by a deputy general manager. He presented smoothly for more than 2 hours, but the truth is that there is something creepy in my heart.

"Is this financial situation you say is good?" - I finally said. I show you the recommendations for asset quality and debt quality at the bank quoted from the financial statements issued by an independent audit organization under "Big Four" (group of 4 most reputable auditing companies global) implementation. That is not the inference of the reporter. I also send them the annual financial statements publicly available on the bank's website as required. The talker looked at me afraidly.

The bank sent a complaint to dozens of agencies, stressed tone of voice, asked to clarify "conspiracy to sabotage businesses and the economy", bringing the author to court. It took us several months to explain to the parties, running back and forth between bank representatives and lawyers to prove that the journalist obeyed the law. The article is of course not deleted and there is no way to rectify and publicly apologize to all employees as the boss wants.

The deputy general manager was later transferred. "Here, many people who have been called to the chairman's office have their suitcases outside the door, because most likely the last sentence is that they cannot do it," he said.

In those days, financial reporters rushed everywhere and took notes. The indicators of the economy, in green or red on the stock market's index, are constantly changing after information gossip about vertical links, horizontal links, cross-ownership, bad debts, inflation, and billion price ... and dozens of shady rumors about this boss and that. Cleaning state banks is a big topic in many aftermaths.

In those days, the bank president still appeared before the crowd with the attitude he gave me. "I ask you to say it again," he pointed to the officer when discussing year-end figures. He nodded, "Why are you so stupid?" with a female chief in an industry event. And tears fell on her face. I will remember the thick air rushing down the room, afraid but not afraid for anyone.

Nearly a dozen years later, the chairman shouted that the fire had to retire early after a few times were criticized and reprimanded for errors in executive management. The bank had to restructure completely as soon as he left. His son, daughter, daughter-in-law and son-in-law, his grandchildren, were sitting in the chairs of heads of offices and the companies of the big bank were transferred.

We used to know that there were leaders of state enterprises who were likened to kings and children, and accompanied with great entourage and worship. That's why the public was shocked when a foreign news agency reporter posted a video of a phone interview with a general manager of a state-owned company online because he had raised his voice "because I like that "when asked why businesses don't do this and that. He did not expect that the habit of communicating in "home" businesses made his name jubilant in the international arena.

Why are there business leaders of the people so rampant? I met many people who once asked this question. And also many people have explained themselves. The reason for getting the most sympathy is, there are still many gaps in the state economic management mechanism and corporate governance supervision. The legal system for behavioral and ethical supervision, compliance with processes and system of public sector risk management is still inadequate.

I read somewhere that a perfect institution often does not produce "heroes" because it is justified and fair enough that anyone can and has been the star the way they want to be in the organization. A hero-free society gives a positive attitude to its citizens because they are comforted - because they are not good, they are wrong, they are cowardly, they are sometimes selfish, meaningless and illogical, but they will obey it's correct.

Where there are heroes who easily emerge, manipulate the masses (maybe because they are talented, someone for the chance and given by someone), it is easy to create abuse of power. Arrogant and goofy creatures are suddenly worshiped.

Any absurdity makes sense. It is not natural for the children to appear, it is not natural that the power is distorted. A defective product must have a standard deviation.

Social institutions, with the most basic foundation are the legal system with detailed coverage on many levels, the unwritten rules of the organization, the community, or even the situational directions of the head, is the key. In a just and fair institution, heroes who have real merit in state-owned enterprises will then be equal to ordinary people. Nobody worship anyone, because all worship only the right.

Hong Phuc