Tags Hong Phuc
More than ten years ago, the wave of bank restructuring and transparency of state-owned enterprises was boiling hot. One morning, I received a phone call at more than 7 o'clock, as soon as I entered the office entrance.

"Do you want to lose your job tomorrow? Who are you and you dare to destroy the national economy? If you do not delete the article and post publicly apologize to thousands of our staff, you and the editorial staff." Don't blame me, whoops ... ", the phone hangs up.

I climbed upstairs, went into the publishing room and picked up the latest issue. Before I could open it, read what the reporter had written, the phone number a deputy bank governor called. He said that the chairman of the large state-owned bank (who just called me) was very angry because an article in the newspaper we just printed suggested that the quality of the large bank's property was in trouble. According to the article, the stock price on the market is too high compared to the real health of the bank, together with evidence.

The chairman of the state-owned bank said the article was "a major insult" to the entire bank and the government - the controlling shareholder holding more than 95% of the shares in this state-owned bank. In his opinion, the author intends to harm the stock price is "flying up" in praise of stock investors.

In the same morning, I could not eat or drink, took the notebook and ran to the other bank, sat and listened to dozens of pages about parameters and requirements explained by a deputy general manager. He presented smoothly for more than 2 hours, but the truth is that there is something creepy in my heart.

"Is this financial situation you say is good?" - I finally said. I show you the recommendations for asset quality and debt quality at the bank quoted from the financial statements issued by an independent audit organization under "Big Four" (group of 4 most reputable auditing companies global) implementation. That is not the inference of the reporter. I also send them the annual financial statements publicly available on the bank's website as required. The talker looked at me afraidly.

The bank sent a complaint to dozens of agencies, stressed tone of voice, asked to clarify "conspiracy to sabotage businesses and the economy", bringing the author to court. It took us several months to explain to the parties, running back and forth between bank representatives and lawyers to prove that the journalist obeyed the law. The article is of course not deleted and there is no way to rectify and publicly apologize to all employees as the boss wants.

The deputy general manager was later transferred. "Here, many people who have been called to the chairman's office have their suitcases outside the door, because most likely the last sentence is that they cannot do it," he said.

In those days, financial reporters rushed everywhere and took notes. The indicators of the economy, in green or red on the stock market's index, are constantly changing after information gossip about vertical links, horizontal links, cross-ownership, bad debts, inflation, and billion price ... and dozens of shady rumors about this boss and that. Cleaning state banks is a big topic in many aftermaths.

In those days, the bank president still appeared before the crowd with the attitude he gave me. "I ask you to say it again," he pointed to the officer when discussing year-end figures. He nodded, "Why are you so stupid?" with a female chief in an industry event. And tears fell on her face. I will remember the thick air rushing down the room, afraid but not afraid for anyone.

Nearly a dozen years later, the chairman shouted that the fire had to retire early after a few times were criticized and reprimanded for errors in executive management. The bank had to restructure completely as soon as he left. His son, daughter, daughter-in-law and son-in-law, his grandchildren, were sitting in the chairs of heads of offices and the companies of the big bank were transferred.

We used to know that there were leaders of state enterprises who were likened to kings and children, and accompanied with great entourage and worship. That's why the public was shocked when a foreign news agency reporter posted a video of a phone interview with a general manager of a state-owned company online because he had raised his voice "because I like that "when asked why businesses don't do this and that. He did not expect that the habit of communicating in "home" businesses made his name jubilant in the international arena.

Why are there business leaders of the people so rampant? I met many people who once asked this question. And also many people have explained themselves. The reason for getting the most sympathy is, there are still many gaps in the state economic management mechanism and corporate governance supervision. The legal system for behavioral and ethical supervision, compliance with processes and system of public sector risk management is still inadequate.

I read somewhere that a perfect institution often does not produce "heroes" because it is justified and fair enough that anyone can and has been the star the way they want to be in the organization. A hero-free society gives a positive attitude to its citizens because they are comforted - because they are not good, they are wrong, they are cowardly, they are sometimes selfish, meaningless and illogical, but they will obey it's correct.

Where there are heroes who easily emerge, manipulate the masses (maybe because they are talented, someone for the chance and given by someone), it is easy to create abuse of power. Arrogant and goofy creatures are suddenly worshiped.

Any absurdity makes sense. It is not natural for the children to appear, it is not natural that the power is distorted. A defective product must have a standard deviation.

Social institutions, with the most basic foundation are the legal system with detailed coverage on many levels, the unwritten rules of the organization, the community, or even the situational directions of the head, is the key. In a just and fair institution, heroes who have real merit in state-owned enterprises will then be equal to ordinary people. Nobody worship anyone, because all worship only the right.

Hong Phuc